Peles Castle a Neo-Renaissance castle
October 7, 2019 marked 136 years since the inauguration of Peles Castle, one of the most beautiful and important monuments in Europe, unique in its historical and artistic value. Peles Castle was built at the initiative of Carol I, end of ceasing vast architectural project truly sovereign until his death in 1914.
Looking for a place to build a summer residence of Charles I (1839-1914), elected Prince of Romania in 1866, in Podu Neagului reach a small mountain village with wild landscapes that receives few years later at the initiative of the sovereign, the name of Sinaia. King buys 1,000 acres in the village and, in 1873, starts the project a holiday for the family. It took two years to stabilize the foundation builders, and 300 workers have worked to strengthen the land affected by landslides and underground water courses. Since then, a first check the Peles Castle, the first building in Romania whose foundation is made of concrete. The ceremony of placing the foundation stone took place in a festive atmosphere on August 10/22, 1875. The foundation of the castle two scrolls were deposited in a glass tube closed at one lead with a coin collection gold 20 lei minted in small numbers, with the image of Prince Charles. Scrolls contained the statement of intention and the act of foundation of the castle at the time being the beginning of a grand architectural dream of the sovereign, the Peles Castle.
A project extended over a period of 39 years According to contemporary documents, initial plans have Peles Castle architect Wilhelm von Doderer entrusted (1825-1900), professor at the Technische Hochschule in Vienna. Doderer submitted three proposals sovereign architectural architecture inspired by the French Renaissance castles of the Loire Valley and Vienna Ringstrasse style buildings. Projects are rejected by Charles I in 1876, and management is entrusted to the work of the German architect Johannes Schultz. Swiss chalet-looking building consisting of two floors proposed by Schultz were decorated German-style exterior. Interestingly, although it was inaugurated a few years later, on 7 October 1883 became the summer residence of the Royal Family (Carol I and Elisabeth were at Peles from May to November) and an important administrative, cultural and political Planning vast project which means Peles Castle ceased truly sovereign until his death in 1914, ie 39 years after the cornerstone. It is also, as it can be admired today. In 1894, the management of works is called the Czech architect Karel Liman (1860-1928). Under his leadership, between 1895-1897 are furnished upstairs chapel of Queen Elizabeth, Princesses of Wied and apartments on the north side of Hohenzollern and mezzanine. Between 1903 – 1906, Liman design gallery marble hall, small hall music and bath Queen and arranged rooms at the II correspondent first attic: Mrs. Mavrogheni the great lady of the palace and apartments guests wing north of the castle.
Between 1906-1914, are undertaken the preparation of the terraces. In 1906 the castle is high central tower with a height of 66 meters, where a year later was mounted clock with three dials, creative factory tower clocks royal court of Bavaria, Johann Mannhardt. However, they feature old music hall, Florentine Room and the Hall of Columns, ranked first chess chambers and royal living room is extended. Upstairs, on the north wing, built apartment prime minister. Between 1905 – 1906, are designed vast Imperial Suite, consisting of large lounge, lounge, bedroom, Budoir, bathroom and living room and apartment valet of Prince Ferdinand – Maria. In 1906, changes occur in the theater hall on the ground floor. Also now, film screening room is adapted by arranging the projection booth. Cinematographic equipment was modernized in 1939, the Concordia Society in Bucharest, at the behest of King Charles II. Between 1908 – 1911, it completed construction of halls arms as decoration Hall Florentine architect Karel Liman and the plans of Tiersch Ferdinand, the latter, adviser to King King Ludwig II of Bavaria.
Between 1908 – 1911, it completed construction of halls arms as decoration Hall Florentine architect Karel Liman and the plans of Tiersch Ferdinand, the latter, adviser to King King Ludwig II of Bavaria. Between 1907 and 1911, it is decorated hall of honor on the site of the two patios, the main reception hall of the castle. The lobby is decorated in German Renaissance style, with subtle accents Baroque by Bernhard Ludwig Vienna, working closely with the architect Liman. The inspiration of the hall is the hall of the Palace Fredenhagen Lübeck Chamber of Commerce. In parallel, they are built on the ground floor, chess room and billiard room, continuing Moorish Hall. Finally, between the years 1911-1914 is decorated with busts of Roman emperors terrace and south-east wing is designed by architect Liman hall councils and decorator Viennese Bernhard Ludwig.
Among the approximately 60,000 works of art from the Peles Castle in Sinaia include six Venetian mirrors, made by the masters of Murano Island. With heights of over three meters, the objects they made a long journey to Sinaia on the water, by train and the hay
Peles Castle, the royal residence in Sinaia, built by order of King Charles I in the period 1875-1914, bears the mark in most of the contributions to Austrian and German architects and artists. Outdoor weather trends in architecture and in the interior, the king caused him to turn and Italian experts, known as accomplished artists and entrepreneurs in construction, with great experience. Raised and educated in an environment where artists were welcome and where art was prized, Charles’s preference for homeland Renaissance, Italy, is natural as possible. According to the curators of the Peles Castle, Charles I passionately studied art history in his youth and early 1856, a trip to northern Italy, where he will visit Venice, Genoa and Milan. Later, with Queen Elizabeth will review peninsula during the holidays, but also during official visits: in 1883 in Genoa in 1891 at Monza, in 1892 in Milan, during 1892-1893 at Pallanza. In 1896 traveling to Venice in 1900 in Fiume, and in 1906 at Lugano. Often, during summer, the royal couple frequency famous seaside resort, Abazzia, near the border Austro-Italian, Croatian territory which is today.Italian Art present in painting, sculpture, There are a few reasons why King Carol I will start from the earliest years of the reign purchase of art works and decorative arts in Italy. Wishing to establish their own collection of old masters, King appeals to a friend, avid collector and a fine art expert, Felix Bamberg (1820-1893). Passionate about fine arts phenomenon, Bamberg attended the big sales of paintings from Paris, London and Italy, from which ultimately benefited the king of Romania. By means of Bamberg, as a collector, not just intermediate Charles acquiring significant works, dating from the fifteenth century, excelling schools in Florence, Venice, Rome, and later works from the XVI century – eighteenth-century Genoese school, Neapolitan and Sicilian. Carol royal collection totals 214 works by European masters, among which more than half is the Italian painting. The Italian painting is represented at Peles copies of famous Renaissance artists: Fillippo Lippi, Raphael, Titian, Tintoreto, admirable achievements of artists from the late nineteenth century, and original works signed by authors and painter Correggio school Florentine Agnese Dolci. Sculpture is represented by Raffaello Romanelli and Aristide Petrilli. Italian ceramic art, marked by the importance of established techniques at European level majolicii technique is exemplified by pots, plates, tea service, created during centuries XVI – XIX. Manufactures of Italy – Faenza, Torelli, Capodimonte, Richard Ginori, Alberto Issel in Genoa etc. They were appreciated by Romanian sovereigns pair. Italian furniture is currently the Florentine cassone, cabinets, chairs and type Savonarolla Lombard, cabinets, chairs Venetian and Tuscan, ranging from the sixteenth century to the late nineteenth century, with an important role in setting ambient neo-Renaissance residence Royal Sinaia.Mirrors Salon reminds one of the rooms in the Doge’s Palace Also, Italian art has become a presence in the architectural design of the Peles Castle, especially after the arrival of Karel Liman in Sinaia , as chief architect in the years 1896-1914. The creations of artisans Venetian Renaissance art treasures, adorned palaces of the nobility of a complex that included Western Europe, from the palace of Henry III, to Constantinople, to the court of Suleiman I the Magnificent. King Carol I, lover and collector endorsed nice, did not remain indifferent to the charm exerted by chandeliers, mirrors, wall lamps and light dishes with elaborate shapes in a wide color range, worked in the Venetian lagoon and especially large parts sparkle, treasure miraculous alchemy born from stone, fire and human creativity, which gives personality lavish interiors, Neorenaştere Italian style, the residence in Sinaia. Incidentally, among the most spectacular collections of Italian art from Venetian glass pieces are Peles, from Murano, whose celebrity manufacture machining technique and coloring parts passed European borders. Thus, Salon Florentin, initially “great lounge” on the ground floor, the main hall for receptions, and the Hall of Honor, the main reception room of the castle and its adjacent corridors benefits from the contribution of decorative chandeliers of forty-two arms and ample mirrors with sophisticated shapes, with gables and profiling, framed by applying light, all adorned with flowers and leaves Mediterranean gardens, executed with astonishing virtuosity of colored glass and engraved medallions representing mythological scenes. In Salon Florentin, cast in bronze doors recall the sumptuous decor and incomparable art of Florence. Doors and frames the imposing marble fireplace Paonazzo famous monument is inspired by the Medici family. Made in the same period plans by Karel Liman, columns or Hall of Mirrors is the result recompartimentării body south of the castle by making reception halls.